Gastroenteritis in dogs
Digestive system diseases can develop in any dog: regardless of breed, age and general health. The cause may be malnutrition or, for example, a hereditary predisposition. In our article, we will consider one of the most common digestive problems – gastroenteritis. What is this disease, how does it manifest and how to protect your dog from it?
What is gastroenteritis?
Gastroenteritis is an inflammatory process in the gastrointestinal tract that affects the mucous, submucous, and muscle layers. In the absence of proper treatment, the disease develops rapidly and passes to other organs: kidneys, heart and liver.
There are several types of gastroenteritis:
Each form of gastroenteritis can develop in a dog at any age, regardless of breed characteristics. However, young animals of small breeds are more prone to disease.
Gastroenteritis in a dog
Causes of gastroenteritis in dogs
What factors are the prerequisites for gastroenteritis? First of all, these are:
– poor, inappropriate or unbalanced diet,
– low-quality water for drinking,
– non-compliance with the diet,
– salts of heavy metals in the body,
– taking certain medications,
– food allergy,
– infectious diseases.
In the first place is an inappropriate diet and poor diet. Improperly selected or insufficiently quality food, mixing ready-made diets and natural products, food from the human table, overeating, unbalanced feeding are all potential causes of gastroenteritis and other digestive problems. Every dog’s body reacts differently to malnutrition. Some people have disorders right away, others seem to feel great for a long time, but this is only at first glance. A heavy load is placed on the digestive system, and the disease can occur and develop very rapidly, “pulling” a few more related ailments.
Gastroenteritis can also lead to poisoning, food allergies, or a severe upset caused, for example, by food picked up on the street. Not a single pet is insured from the disease, and his well-being largely depends on the attention and responsibility of the owner.
Gastroenteritis in dogs: symptoms
The following symptoms indicate gastroenteritis:
– digestive disorders,
– increase in body temperature,
– lethargy or, on the contrary, restlessness; the dog can whine
– unpleasant smell from the mouth,
– weight loss,
– the presence of blood in the feces, etc.
Please note that digestive system diseases have similar symptoms. At home, it is impossible to find out exactly what the dog is sick with. The diagnosis is established only by a veterinarian, on the basis of examination and test results.
If you notice the above symptoms in a dog (it doesn’t matter, one symptom or several at once), bring it to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Do not underestimate the signs: they will not go away on their own and diarrhea alone can lead to severe dehydration. Health depends on the speed of your reaction, and possibly the life of your ward.
Gastroenteritis in a dog
Treatment and prevention of gastroenteritis in dogs
Diagnosis and prescribing treatment is the sole task of the veterinarian. Do not engage in amateur performances!
The faster you deliver the pet to the clinic, the more likely it is to fix the problem without negative health effects.
Depending on the nature and course of the disease, the specialist prescribes drug therapy and therapeutic diet for the dog. While drugs affect the focus of the disease, special nutrition supplies the body with energy, levels the intestinal microflora, and improves digestion. Without a suitable diet, treatment will not be effective, so it is very important that the feed is easily digested and helps to eliminate the disease. An example is the veterinary diet for dogs with digestive problems Monge VetSolution Gastrointestinal. It does not contain cereals and is easily absorbed by the body. The composition includes a special functional system with horse chestnut to normalize digestion in gastroenterological pathologies, superoxide dismutase to prevent oxidative stress, xylo-oligosaccharides to control intestinal microflora. A diet, like medicines, is prescribed by a veterinarian.
In the future, when the dog is already healthy, continue to follow the recommendations of a specialist to prevent the disease from recurring and becoming chronic.