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How to protect a dog from heat stroke?

Can a dog have a heat stroke? Is it sunny? What are their differences and how do they appear? How to provide first aid? And most importantly: how to protect a dog from them? Clearly and point by point we analyze these issues in the article.
What is heat stroke?
Heat stroke is a critical condition of the body arising from overheating. Several factors can lead to it: exposure to direct sunlight, being in a stuffy room and intense physical exertion in hot and humid weather. Overheating in the sun is called sunstroke, i.e. sunstroke is a type of heatstroke.

A heat stroke (including sun) can affect a dog of any breed and age. To do this, just spend five minutes in the scorching sun or stay for two minutes in a closed car.

Dogs with shortened muzzles, dense, dense coat, overweight and other conditions that exert additional stress on the body are especially susceptible to overheating.

How to protect a dog from overheating?
Why is overheating serious?
Dogs carry heat more heavily than we do, and they have a higher risk of heat stroke. The reason for this is the peculiarities of thermoregulation.

When a person is hot, he sweats, and the release of sweat saves the body from overheating. But dogs have little sweat glands, they can not sweat. Thermoregulation in them is achieved not due to sweating, but due to rapid breathing. Feeling the heat, the dog begins to breathe quickly, often and superficially. With each such exhalation, moisture evaporates from the oral mucosa, and with it is warm. In this way, body temperature is regulated.

In normal condition, the dog makes 20-40 respiratory movements per minute. And in the sun – 310-400!

Now imagine that the pet is under the scorching sun or in a room where there is nothing to breathe. What happens then? The body does not have time to give off heat, the resources do not cope and a heat stroke occurs.

The main danger of overheating is that the symptoms develop very rapidly and without proper intervention lead to serious health consequences and even death.

How to protect a dog from overheating?
Overheating is a real threat to the dog’s health and life. But with all the seriousness of the problem, it is easy to avoid it: it is enough to adhere to simple rules. Here they are:

On hot days, walk the dog until 8 a.m. and after 8 p.m. At this time, the street is cooler and the exposure to the sun is safe.

For a walk, choose shady places. Whenever possible, in water bodies.

Take water and a pet bowl for a walk.

From time to time, moisten the paw pads and the dog’s stomach with water. Do not touch your head! If you wet your head, you can provoke a sunstroke.

Do not leave the dog in the sun.
Do not use muzzles, tight collars or other breathing difficulties.
Do not leave the dog in the car even for “one” minute! In the sun, the car warms up in seconds. Just imagine: even at 20 C the temperature in the car’s interior can rise to 46! The pet is trapped without the influx of fresh air and suffocates! Thus, due to the fault of irresponsible owners, many dogs were seriously injured. According to the law of the USA and Great Britain, any passerby has the right to break the glass of a car in order to save a locked dog.

How to protect a dog from overheating?
Do not let the dog overwork. Reduce your activity and often let her rest

Do not force the dog to move in a stuffy room

Ventilate the room in which the dog is located

Follow the diet, do not overfeed the dog. The digestion of large amounts of food requires a huge amount of energy, which in the heat of the dog is so deficient.

Signs of overheating
How to understand that a dog has overheated? The following signs indicate this:

Deterioration: weakness, apathy, shaky gait

Heavy frequent breathing

Cardiopalmus

Increase in body temperature: over 40 C

Dry and blanched mucous membranes

Increased salivation and / or vomiting

Cramps

Loss of consciousness

Having noticed at least one of these symptoms, you need to urgently deliver the pet to the veterinarian. If this is not possible, proceed with first aid.

First aid for overheating
Read carefully and remember. Perhaps this guide will one day save the life of your or another dog.

Urgently move the dog to a shady place

provide fresh air

moisten the stomach, armpits, dog hair with cool water. Do not cover the dog completely with a wet towel, this will slow down the heat transfer

moisten the lips of the dog, pour a few drops of water into the mouth through the corner of the mouth

on the area of ​​large vessels (neck, armpits, groin) you can put ice packs

control your body temperature: it should drop to 39.4-40 C (rectally).

How to protect a dog from overheating
What can not be done

– Use ice water for cooling or sharply dip the dog in cold water. Both of these actions will cause spasm of blood vessels and make normalization of body temperature more difficult.

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