Trimming: what is it and who needs it?
Trimming is one of the procedures that grooming salons and private masters offer. What it is? Which dogs is it assigned to? How necessary is the procedure? About this in our article.
What is trimming?
Trimming is the removal of dead hair by plucking. Do not confuse it with combing and cutting. This is a special procedure that is not prescribed to all dogs and has not an aesthetic, but a health-hygienic function.
In the process of evolution, some wire-haired dogs have lost the ability to molt normally. Dead hair was removed during the hunt, while the dog made his way through the dense thicket for prey. What about dogs that haven’t hunted?
Most of the dead hair remained on the dog’s body, clinging to the undercoat and adjacent hairs. Because of this, the skin could not breathe, bacteria multiplied on it, and the hair tangled and lost its appearance. Trimming solved the problem. Why is it he, and not combing or haircut?
The reason is especially the coat. In wire-haired dogs, it consists of two layers:
– soft undercoat, which serves to regulate body temperature and protect against moisture
– stiff outer hair that protects the skin from damage.
Hard hair thickens from the base to the tip. He “sits” tightly in the skin and continues to hold on after death. If you cut it, and not pluck it, only a thin base will remain. Over time, the hair will become rare, faded and soft, like fluff. She will lose shape, and the dog’s skin will remain defenseless against external negative factors. But if the dead hair is removed by plucking, exactly the same stiff hair will grow in its place, as the breed standard requires.
After several haircuts, the dog’s hair will change its structure and it will be impossible to restore the natural coat. She will no longer be neat and will not be able to fulfill her natural functions.
Why is trimming necessary?
Trimming is necessary for the neat appearance of the dog, its health and even for the convenience of keeping the dog. In addition to updating the coat, he:
– stimulates blood circulation
– improves the quality of the coat: makes it more dense, dense, shiny and saturated
– allows you to maintain the shape of the coat
– supports the health of the skin: due to the removal of old wool, the skin breathes and pathogenic microflora does not develop on it
– after trimming it is not necessary to comb and cut the pet regularly
– trimming solves the problem of molting. You could even say that he is a molt. Dead hair is removed during the procedure instead of settling on your clothes and furniture.
Which dogs need trimming?
If you do not know if your dog needs to be trimmed, be sure to consult a specialist.
The procedure is usually prescribed for wire-haired dogs and some mixed-hair dogs. These are, for example, terrier and schnauzer groups, griffons, wire-haired dachshunds, drathaaras, Irish setters and cocker spaniels.
How often to trim depends on the specific dog, on the condition of its coat at the moment. The specialist will recommend an individual procedure scheme. On average, trimming is carried out once every 2-3 months, and for show dogs every 2-3 weeks.
Regular trimming corrects the shape of the coat, maintaining a perfect looking pet.
Where to trim?
It is best to trim in the grooming salon of the master. If you have experience or under the supervision of a specialist, the procedure can be performed directly at home.
What to look for? Without proper dexterity, there is a risk of plucking not only old, but also new hairs. This will be very painful for the pet and will not benefit its coat.
Trimming can be done manually without a tool (such a procedure is called cladding) and using special trimmers (the so-called mechanical trimming, or stripping).
When choosing the first option for convenience, it is better to use special rubber fingertips. Thanks to them, the wool will not slip out of the fingers and the procedure will take less time.
Fingertip for trimming
The second option involves the use of special tools, which are called “trimming” (trimming knives). These are special jagged products that help the groomer evenly pluck dead hard hairs. Despite the name (“knife”), this tool is not sharp. His task is to pluck, not cut the hairs.
There are a huge number of trimming models. The most common are metal and stone.
Metal trimmings are produced with different frequency and height of the teeth for working in different areas and on the wool of one or another stiffness.
Compare the frequent stripping of Stripper Fine and the rare Stripper Medium from Show Tech:
Stone can also be different in shape and density (for example, 13 mm – Comfy Stripping Stick and stone for trimming Stripping 9x6x2.5 cm). Stone trimming provides a more dense grip of hair and delicately remove hairs even in hard to reach places.